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British Cheeses: Traditional British Cheese

Cheese in Britain

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There are more than 700 cheeses in Britain. Though some, like Cheddar, have been imitated the world over, many are still made by traditional methods on the farm.

Cheddar Cheese

Farmhouse Cheddar Cheese
Photo © britishcheeseboard
Cheddar is a cheese with centuries of history. In the fifteenth century, it was stored in Somerset's Cheddar Gorge caves to mature. It is the most widely purchased and eaten cheese in the world and originates from England - although it is imitated the world over.

There are different types of Cheddar including, Mature, Mild, Vintage and West Country Farmhouse which has Protected Designation of Origin(PDO) status.

Cauliflower Soup Recipe using Cheddar Cheese

Buy Cheddar Cheese on-line in the USA

Cheshire Cheese

Photo © britishcheeseboard
Cheshire cheese and was originally produced in the county of Cheshire and the surrounding areas. It is one of Britain’s oldest cheeses believed to date back to the Romans. It can be white or orange (made by adding a red vegetable dye Annatto). It is a firm bodied cheese with a crumbly texture and a tangy finish.

As Cheshire matures it becomes firmer in texture and slightly darker in color. Cheshire Cheese is delicious with fruit cake, fresh and dried fruits, as it has great melting qualities and a strong flavor is superb in cooked cheese dishes.

The Perfect Fruit Cake to eat with Cheshire Cheese.

Cornish Yarg

Cornish Yarg Cheese
Photo © britishcheeseboard
Cornish Yarg is a delicious young, tangy, semi-hard cheese. The cheese is easily distinguished by its coating of fresh nettle leaves which are picked in local hedgerows and farms then brushed onto the cheese in a distinctive pattern. The leaves attract natural white, green and grey moulds and it is these that help the cheese to ripen and give a delicate flavor to the cheese.

Buy Cornish Yarg on-line in the USA

Cropwell Bishop Stilton Cheese

Cropwell Bishop Stilton Cheese
Photo © Cropwell Bishop
Cropwell Bishop is a lovely example of a British Stilton.Each tilton Cropwell Bishop is still hand made much as it always has been since the 17th century. In 2009, Cropwell Bishop was supreme champion st the Nantwich International Cheese Show, the largest and most prestigious cheese show in the world. In 2009 the show attracted 2,716 entries from 24 different countries. Cropwell Bishop were certainly the cream of the crop picking up a further 5 gold medals in different classes as well as the top accolade for their Blue Stilton.

Durham Blue - Durham Cow Cheese Company

Durham Blue, Durham Cow Cheese Company
Photo © RFB Photography
The name is something of a giveaway - Durham Blue cheese is made in County Durham and is only of only a few cheeses made in the area ( Cotherstone the other most well-known.)

The award winning cheese is hand made by Julia Cammis with support from her husband Barry. As of 2009 Durham Blue is still made in the couple's home kitchen and matured in their garage, though plans are afoot for new premises to cope with the growing demand for the creamy blue cheese.

Pear and Cheese Tart Recipe perfect for Durham Blue Cheese.

Stilton Cheese

Stilton Cheese
Photo © britishcheeseboard
Stilton is relatively young compared to some British cheeses having first been made in the 18th century. Though the cheese takes its name for a village near Peterborough it was actually made near Melton Mowbray. It has Protected Designation of Origin(PDO) status so must be made in the counties of Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and Leicestershire to a precise recipe.

To be called a Stilton a cheese must be:
  • made only in the three counties from local pasteurized milk
  • be made only in a traditional cylindrical shape
  • be allowed to form its own crust
  • be un-pressed
  • have delicate blue veins radiating from the centre
  • have a taste profile typical of Stilton.
Stilton is the perfect cheese to drink with Port and usually served at Christmas in the UK.

Wensleydale Cheese

Cornish Yarg Cheese
Photo © britishcheeseboard
Wensleydale is one of Yorkshire’s most famous cheeses. It was made in Wensleydale in the Yorkshire Dales, North Yorkshire by Cistercian monks who arrived in England in the 11th century. It is a crumbly, slightly sweet flavored cheese and is perfect with a slice of apple pie.

White Wensleydale is a young cheese and there is also a strong flavored ripe blue Wensleydale. The blue needs six months maturing to develop the flavor and texture.

Apple Pie Recipe

St Endellion Brie

St Endellion Brie
Photo © Elaine Lemm

St Endellion Brie is a luxury version of a Cornish Brie which is made with double cream making it a rich flavoursome cheese.

 

Cornish Blue Cheese

Cornish Blue Cheese - Cornish Food -  Cornish Recipes
Photo © Elaine Lemm

Cornish Blue is somewhat different to other English blues cheeses as it is more of a Gorgonzola style.

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